Fish samples were obtained from a beel in Jirat, Hooghly, West Bengal between 5th and 15th of April 2016 and April 2017 and April 2018. Buy Comparative Study of Water Polluition in River Gomit and River Suheli: The study of water pollution in River Gomti and River Suheli and its impact on Pistia stratiotes and Wallago attu by Brijendra Pratap Singh (ISBN: 9783845416267) from Amazon's Book Store. 1 Silver Nanoparticles Hassan Korbekandi 1 and Siavash Iravani 2 1Genetics and Molecular Biology De partment, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences 2School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Science, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences Iran 1. The MUFAs identified in significant amount are Palmitoleic acid (C16:1) 26.50%, Elaidic acid (C18:1 n9E) 7.20%, oleic acid (C18:1 n9Z) 9.86% and Nervonic acid (C24:1) 5.89%. D.7, P.69, (1976/1977). Determination of 96-hr LC50 and lethal responses of Wallago attu to water-borne chromium. J. It possibly also has a role as a signalling molecule affecting body weight22 and may be useful in obesity control. This value was higher than the value of 2.5 for Aji-aji fish oil . Palmitoleic acid (common constituent of glycerides of adipose tissues) is a beneficial fatty acid in several ways. Oda E, Hatada K, Kimura J, Aizawa Y, Thanikachalam P. V and Watanabe K. Relationships between serum unsaturated fatty acids and coronary risk factors: negative relations between nervonic acid and obesity-related risk factors. The Clarion, 2016; 5(2): 24-29. 3.8.2 Inhaled Particles. However, fish lecithin showed high oxidative stability. Catfish Clarius. Hanus Method, Animal and vegetable fats and oils-Determination of iodine value, AOAC 920.158 ISO 3961:199, 1966. Wallagu attu has EPA and DHA present in it as ω-3 fatty acid. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) is recalling more than 76,000 pounds of frozen catfish products sold by Premium Food USA. The farmed fishes grow under supervision to increase its nutritional value. The acid values of food grade lecithin recommended by FAO/WHO are found to be up to 36 mg KOH/g of lecithin . Bako, T., Umogbai, V.I., and Obetta, S.E, Extraction and Characterization of Mackery (Scomber scombrus) Oil for Industrial Use. Volume injected 1 μl; split ratio 1:30. The n6:n3 of Wallagu attu is 6.33:1. A fifth volume of chilled acetone (4Â°C) to hexane was added to the hexane mixture with slow stirring for precipitation of the gummy material. High oxidative stabilities of lecithin from animal and plant sources were also reported by using different methods [11, 26, 27]. Simopoulos A. Omega-3 fatty acids in health and disease and in growth and development. Memon N. N, Talpur F. N and Bhanger M. I. Bibi C, Khan A, Shah N, Raziq S, Muhammad and Yousafzai A. M. Size Dependent Variation in Cholesterol and Fatty Acids Profile of Different Tissues of Carnivore Freshwater Catfish, Wallago attu. The final injector and detector temperature was set at 260°C. Animal, Veterinary and Fishery Sci., 2013; 1(5): 16-20. EPA and DHA the two star ω-3 PUFA’s whose health benefits are beyond doubt are also detected in the fish. In recent years, researchers are interested on the different bioactive compounds including polyunsaturated fatty acids, phospholipids, lecithin, peptides and pigments obtained from various fish species especially from marine fishes . Vitamin C. Rohu is a river fish. J. Lipid Technol., 2002; 104(5): 253-254. The iodine values of boal fish oil and lecithin were found to be 129.66 and 89.26, respectively. Tardy A-L, Morio B, Chardigny J-M and Malpuech-Brugère C. Ruminant and industrial sources of trans-fat and cardiovascular and diabetic diseases. CorrÃªa, A.P.A., Peixoto, C.A., Goncalves, L.A.G., Cabral, F.A, Fractionation of fish oil with supercritical carbon dioxide. Vaam sometimes known as the Indian mottled eel or Indian long fin eel is a freshwater river eel, found throughout the Indian subcontinent. Nutr., 2002; 88: 573-579. Increased probability of blood clotting directly increases the risk of heart diseases. Arch Biochem Biophy 79:355-63, 1959. Introduction to egg production of Kadaknath and benefits:. Lecithin is a sticky fatty substance composed mainly of phospholipid mixtures especially phosphatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) with small amount of glycerides, neutral lipids, and other suspended matter . These metallic salts are directly associated with reproductive defects, nerve damage, increasing incidence of cancer and increased susceptibility to different diseases (Singla, 2015). Higher saponification value indicates the presence of low molecular weight fatty acid in triglyceride. 2Department of Chemistry, Sreegopal Banerjee College, Bagati, Magra, Hooghly, 712148, India. The proximate compositions of the fishes were analyzed. Lipids in Health and Disease, 2011; 10(1): 120. About Us; Superintendent’s Message; District Leadership papaya flower types November 12, 2020. Health Syst. Î²-carotene, a strong antioxidant inhibited the peroxide formation of the lipids by peroxidation over a certain period. The increase in absorbance value was an indicator of auto-oxidation by formation of peroxides during incubation. After cooling, the mixture was centrifuged at 3000 rpm for 20 min. The saponification value of the fat or oil is the number of milligrams of potassium hydroxide required to saponify completely 1 g of fat or oil. These values were lower than the value of 7.7% EPA and 14.5% DHA for Salmon fish oil . S and Lucas E. A. Arachidonic Acid: Dietary Sources and General Functions. Average weights of the fish were 1050 ± 51.908 gms. by Skylark, Attack of the Killer Fishsticks (Wacky Facts Lunch Bunch, #1). Peroxide value was determined by the method of AOCS . Abdur Rashid Mia1, Md. Silver Nanoparticle Applications. Though all fatty acids are essential there is a lot of ongoing research as to which fatty acid (or which group of fatty acid) is more beneficial and whose consumption should be restricted as they are hazardous to health. Biochemical composition of boal (Wallago attu) was determined. DHA is an important brain food as 60% of the fatty acids which make up the membrane in the brain is DHA. Iodine values give an estimation of the amount of unsaturated fatty acids in the triglyceride molecules. The mixture was heated at 100Â°C for 10 min in a boiling water bath.  Gogolewski also reported that long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids which esterified with polar lipids had synergistic effects with antioxidants. The percentage of oil from boal fish powder was 18.24(g% w/w). All the fish samples except Buhari (Wallago attu) recorded higher accumulation of Pb and Cd in gills. Having fish thrice a week can keep you on top of your health. On the other hand, protein and lipid content of boal was 13.125Â±1.237 and 1.94Â±0.049. Meat Sc., 2006; 74: 209-218. Biosci Biotech Res Asia 2019;16(2). Md. Lecithin from fish may contain small amounts of natural antioxidants that might be one of the causes of its higher oxidative stability . 133: 4021S- 4026S. Whereas in small-sized fishes Eutropiichthys murius, Puntius sarana, Cirrhinus mrigala, Mystus vittatus or Mystus gulio, and Tilapia … [Web address: https://books.google.com.bd/books?hl=en&lr=&id=J2hRivQzgBMC&oi=fnd&pg=PR1&dq=purity+of+lecithin+by+FAO/WHO&ots=FgA46r _jd4&sig=87ulHevJmgJeEYr06cdWKLB4apg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage. Fish oil is composed of triglycerides containing polyunsaturated fatty acids, most notably EPA and DHA. Inhabiting the waterways of Southern Asia, India and Afghanistan, this “Shark Catfish” is an 8 foot long stalk and lunge predator with a mouth filled with massive, recurved teeth. In contrast, fish lecithin emulsions with Î²-carotene showed high oxidative stability. Keywords: Wallago attu, Oil quality, Poylene value, Lipid oxidation, Refrigerated storage. True/false: The common name for freshwater catfish is “Wallago Attu”. Format). Biochemical composition of boal (Wallago attu) was determined. The remaining lipid residue was dissolved in hexane. Uddin, M.S., Kishimura, H., and Chun, B.S, Isolation and Characterization of Lecithin from Squid (Todarodes pacificus) Viscera Deoiled by Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Extraction. Consumption of fish is very beneficial to the health and development of the human body. The purpose of the study was to find out variation in cholesterol and fatty acid content in various tissues viz., muscle, skin, liver and skull of two different sized groups of carnivore catfish (Wallago attu) i.e. Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. So lesser consumption of ω-6 fatty acids are recommended than ω-3 fatty acids31. This value indicates that Aji-aji fish oil contains shorter fatty acid chain length with lower molecular weight compared to Manhaden oil . Wallago attu is commonly known as helicopter catfish or Indian Sareng, mostly found in large rivers and lakes. The most popular animal food source of the people of West Bengal is beyond doubt fish. Linolelaidic acid is another fatty acid essential for mammalian nutrition. Oil, triglyceride portion of boal fishes was extracted by suitable solvents under the operating condition. Rasel, et al. In this study, oil and lecithin was isolated from boal fish powder and characterized by measuring the iodine value, saponification value, FFA content, acid value, and peroxide value. Most of the research work has been carried out to extract oil mainly from marine fishes. Food Standards Agency and Department of Health., Norwich, UK: Her Royal Majesty’s Stationary. All schools are in session. Wallago attu exhibited the maximum incidence of moderate to severe changes ... kidneys and liver are considered as an important vital organ to use as a biomarker in determining the health of fish in the ... of histopathological biomarkers to inspect specific vital organs such as kidney, gills, muscles and liver has important benefits. Nanoparticles can have the same dimensions as some biological molecules and can interact with these. small sized group (411.66±10.40 g) and a large sized group (1006.66 ± 8.82 g). Iodine value gives an estimation of the degree of unsaturation and the relative amounts of unsaturated fatty acids in the triglyceride molecules of the fat. Nutritionally important ω-6 PUFA’s like Linoleic acid and Arachidonic acid are found in the fish. But in a developing country like ours where its masses even die of malnutrition, Wallagu attu is definitely a good source of protein and fatty acids. J. d. Wallago Attu Data for Selected Wetland Wallago attu is a freshwater catfish of the family Siluridae, native to South and Southeast Asia. The result of the mean percentage of moisture, protein, fat, carbohydrate contents and ash of boal fish are showed in Table 1. 2008. ADVERTISEMENTS: Fisheries: Types of Fisheries and it Economical Importance! The iodine value of oil and lecithin was measured by the method of Hanus . These fatty acids are very much beneficial for human health. 7, 2010. Corresponding Author E-mail: email@example.com, DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.13005/bbra/2762. DHA is also helpful in preventing cancer. The peroxide value is defined as the milliequivalent of peroxide oxygen combined in a kilogram of oil. Nutrition Research Reviews, 2011; 24(1): 111-117. Iodine value, saponification value, percentage of FFA content, acid value and peroxide value are presented in Table 2. Peroxide value of boal fish lecithin was found to be 4.26. However in a developing country like India where a huge percentage of population is below or just around the poverty line the concept of food supplement is a fantasy. Of the MUFA’s present Palmetoleic acid, Elaidic acid, Oleic acid and nervonic acid is found in good amount. © Copyright 2020 by Biosciences Biotechnology Research Asia. These values were lower as compared to marine fishes but higher to fresh water fishes . To measure the oxidative stability, emulsions of lecithin in water were oxidized at 37Â°C. Peroxide value is the milligram equivalents of peroxide oxygen combined in a kilogram of oil and peroxide value of oil is used as a measurement of rancidity which occurs by autoxidation. The extraction of oil was carried out in a Soxhlet apparatus using n-hexane as solvent. But lecithin contains only 9% DHA which is lower than 14.5% of squid viscera lecithin . The important polyunsaturated fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) were found to be 1.35% and 1.98%. The fish muscle proved to be a rich source of both mono and poly unsaturated fatty acids. ABSTRACT: The fatty acid composition of the muscle tissue of Wallagu attu found in Gangetic West Bengal, India was investigated to get an insight of its nutritional capacity. Fish and fish products are highly nutritious with protein content of 15 to 20% and are It also lowers cholesterol, improves mood and decreases age related cognitive decline. Lecithin was 2.02 (g% w/w) and 3.68 (g% w/w) before and after oil extraction. In oil the important polyunsaturated fatty acids EPA and DHA were found to be 1.35% and 1.98%, respectively. Abstract: Pleurogenoides neelimae n. sp. Journal of Food Science _ Vol. Calder P. C. Long-chain fatty acids and cardiovascular disease: further evidence and insights. Of the saturated fatty acids Palmitic and Heneicosanoic acid is detected in considerable amount. Givens D. I, Kliem K. E and Gibbs R. A. Continuous Soxhlet extraction apparatus was used for the extraction of oil (Suter et al., 1986) . Journal of Food Engineering 88, 381-387, 2008. Dutta P, Dutta M. Analysis of Fatty Acid Composition in the Flesh of Boal (Wallagu Attu). Here are some of the health benefits of eating rohu fish. Keywords: fish oil, lecithin, fatty acid compositions, oxidative stability, boal. J. Br. Due to the presence of moisture in lecithin, FFA may be liberated by its hydrolytic rancidity. The fishes were killed by hitting in their head and stored at -30°C in the laboratory according to the procedure laid down in AOAC19. Lecithins were extracted from fish powder according to the method of Palacios and Wang (2005)  modified by Uddin . The saponification value of boal fish lecithin was 124.56. Food Lipids, 2002; 9(2): 127-145. Nutr., 2000; 71(suppl 1): 307S-311S. Arachidonic acid has a role to play in the neurological development, normal growth and development of infants26- 30. Paul, D.K., Islam, R., Sattar, M.A, Physico-chemical studies of Lipids and Nutrient contents of Channa striatus and Channa marulius, Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 13: 487-493, 2013. The comparatively high saponification values indicate the presence of low proportion of lower fatty acids. Zelkowitz R. (9-19-2008). This fish oil and lecithin also contain higher amount of monounsaturated fatty acid and average amount of polyunsaturated fatty acids. Fatty acid methyl esters were identified by comparison of retention time and standard fatty acid methyl esters mixtures (Supelco, Pennsylvania, USA). It keeps diseases like cold and cough at bay and prevents other diseases related to it. Wallago Attu Catfish The Wallago Attu is a fish straight from a nightmare. Jensen C. L, Maude M, Anderson R. E and Heird W. C. Effect of docosahexaenoic acid supplementation of lactating women on the fatty acid composition of breast lipids and maternal and infant plasma phospholipids. Absorbance of the supernatant containing TBARS was measured at 532 nm. Wallago attu: Climbing perch/Koi: Anabas testudineus : Giant river prawn/Golda chingree : Macrobrachium rosenbergii ... Benefit-cost-ratio: 1.84: 10. Sci. Heneicosanoic acid (C21:0) the fatty acid found in human milk too is present in considerable quantities (6.01%). J. 76, Nr. Chronic administration of palmitoleic acid reduces insulin resistance and hepatic lipid accumulation in KK-Ay Mice with genetic type 2 diabetes. Ackman R. G. Freshwater fish lipids – An overlooked source of beneficial long-chain n-3 fatty acids. Compr Rev Food Sci F, 12:5-23, 2013. These parameters provide the quality index of the fish oil and lecithin. As carrier gas, oxygen free nitrogen was used at a flow rate of 33.9 ml per minute. Besides being used to fortify infant formula it is also known to treat symptoms of neurological diseases such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s24, 25. Only nutritionally safe food can ensure a healthy balanced diet to consumers. Abdur Rashid Mia, Md. Table 1: Fatty acid profile in muscle tissues of Wallagu attu. They provide essential nutrients to the human. and 124.56Â±1.23 (mg KOH/g), 89.26Â±1.44 (mg I/g), 11.31Â±1.52 (mg KOH/g), 4.26Â±0.55(meq O2/kg), 5.68Â±0.76 (%). The stem is cylindrical spongy-fibrous, loose, hollow, gray or gray-brown color, 10-30 cm diameter and toughened by large and protuberant scars caused by fallen leaves and flowers. Heart J., 2005; 46(6): 975-985. The oxidative stability of boal fish lecithin was also measured. Like botanical taxa, various species of animals are also used in traditional and modern health care systems. Lecithin with linoleic acid emulsions showed the increase in absorbance value from the first day. Vaam – River Eel. A Hewlett Packard gas chromatograph (6890 Series II GC system) with a fused silica capillary column (100 m length x 0.25 mm internal diameter, 0.2 Î¼m of film, Supelco, Bellefonte, Pennsylvania, USA) was used. Aowrongo Zeb, Md. It is however also known to be responsible for heart diseases (from Stedman, 26th edition). Both Pinak Dutta and Mita Dutta declare that there is no conflict of interest including any financial, personal or other relationships with any people or organizations that can influence our work. Pakistan J. The peroxide values of food grade lecithin recommended by FAO/WHO are found to be up to 10 milliequivalent/1000 g . Peroxide value is used for the measurement of rancidity which occurs by auto oxidation. Oxidative stabilities were checked by the thiocyanate (TC) and thiobarbituric acid (TBA) methods, which were used to measure the antioxidant activity. Peak drying was observed in the month of November, December and January (Table 3). ... Catfish Wallago attu. Eur. Summer Machli Wala in canal Fishing catch "WALLAGO ATTU" - Fish Hunt Fishing - Amazing catfish catch amazing fishing videos biggest fishes #FishEggsCurryRecipe #FishHuntingFishing. a gold nugget! The oil yield obtained from boal flesh powder by Soxhlet extraction using n-hexane was approximately 0.18 g g-1 fish powder. FAO/WHO, Specification of identity and purity of sweetening agents, emulsifying agents, flavouring agents and other food additives, 24 March to 2 April, 1980, Page no. The oxidative stability of oil and lecithin was also high due to the presence of natural antioxidant. Suter, W., Jaeger, K.E., and Winkler, U.K, J. Wallagu attu is generally not farmed as it devours other fishes but considering its nutritional capacity and high market demands, its farming may prove beneficial for consumers and producers. Deionized and degassed water were used for emulsion preparation. Iodine value, percentage of FFA content, acid value, peroxide value and saponification value of fish oil are given in Table 2. Biochemical composition of boal ( Wallago attu ) was determined. Acid value is the measurement of free fatty acids present in the oils or fats. Wang, G., and Wang, T, Oxidative stability of egg and soy lecithin as affected by transition metal ions and pH in emulsion. Dutta P, Dutta M. Analysis of Fatty Acid Composition in the Flesh of Boal (Wallagu Attu). About 60-70 gm of sun dried powder from boal fishes was placed into the extraction thimble and the extraction was run about 5-6 hours until the colour of the condensed solvent at the top of the apparatus was clear. The ethanol phase was then collected and evaporated at 40Â°C. Nutr., 2000; 71(suppl 1): 292S-299S. The aim of this study was to estimate the nutritional status of the selected fish species, to extract and characterize the fish oil and lecithin. J. Ent. Then, oil was extracted from both fishes by Soxhlet extraction apparatus using n-hexane and stored at 4Â°C for further analysis. Consumption of fish is very beneficial to the health and development of the human body. The Wallago Attu has become greatly feared by villagers due to its reputation for consuming children who venture close to the water. In this study, these two methods were performed to measure the quality of the extracted lecithin in terms of its oxidative stability. Only the fish lecithin emulsion showed low absorbance values indicating low levels of lipid peroxidation until 15 days. The percentage composition of the individual fatty acid methyl esters were computed from the area of the GC peaks. Catfish Health Benefits:-The following are the health benefits of catfish. by Skylark, Attack of the Killer Fishsticks (Wacky Facts Lunch Bunch, #1). The initial temperature, 130Â°C was constant for 3 min and then increased to 240Â°C at a rate of 4Â°C/min followed by a hold at 240Â°C for 10 min. Big catfish caught in Brazil. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) is recalling more than 76,000 pounds of frozen catfish products sold by Premium Food USA. for fish is on the increase due to the health benefits of eating fish and due to increase in human population, the rinderpest disaster, and drought bane, which reduce the availability and affordability of red meat (Oshozekhai and Ngueku, 2014). The absorbance was recorded at 120 hoursâ intervals during the incubation. Gil-Chavez, G.J., Villa, J.A, Ayala-Zavala, J.F, Heredia, J.B, Sepulveda, D., Yahia, E.M., and Gonzalez-Aguilar, G.A, Technologies for extraction and production of bioactive compounds to be used as nutraceuticals and food ingredients: an overview. J. Oleo Sci., 2007; 56(8): 399-403. The supernatant that contained mainly polar lipids with very low amounts of neutral lipids was collected in a separatory funnel. The beneficial and curative properties of fatty acids2-9 are so well established that doctors prescribe fatty acids in form of supplements. Ans: True. Eur J Lipid SciTechnol 102:618-23, 2000. The importance of lecithin analysis is to find the functional properties and fatty acid composition due proper utilization of lecithin. The importance of lecithin analysis is to find the quality index, properties, fatty acid composition, immunologic and neurologic function. Sargent J. R, Coupland K and Wilson R. Nervonic acid and demyelinating disease. Gogolewski, M., Nogala-Kalucka, M., and Szeliga, M, Changes of the tocopherol and fatty acid contents in rape seed oil during refining. Fish are aquatic, cold blooded and craniate vertebrates belonging to the super class Pisces under phylum Chordata. Polyunsaturated fatty acids and lipid soluble bioactive compounds have been attracted much attention for health benefits. Ambasankar K., and Balakrishnan V, Indian Sardine oil (Sardinelal longiceps) as a Source of Omega-3 Fatty Acids, Animal Nuu-izion and Feed Technoios, 6: 283-287, 2006. All schools are in session. The results obtained were placed in the Table 1. Following is the list containing the advantages of fish farming: Fish farming does not require a lot of resources a small concrete tank is enough to start with. Natural bioactive compounds have diversified structures and functionalities that provide excellent properties to the molecules for the production of nutraceuticals, functional foods and food additives . The percentage of oil from boal are shown in Figure 1. J Agric Food Chem 53:8607-13, 2005. These parameters provide the quality index of the fish oil and lecithin. Nervonic acid is another monounsaturated fatty acid that is very much important for human health. In AJK the River Poonch runs for 85 km before it enters Mangla Reservoir. Aowrongo Zeb, and Md. Nutrition Research, 2004; 24: 761-772. Based on the consideration in increasing demand of the functional foods, the aim of this study is to estimate the nutritional status of boal fish and to characterize the oil and lecithin from boal fish. The saponification value, iodine value, acid value, peroxide value, percentage of free fatty acids of boal fish oil and lecithin were 199.27Â±0.78 (mg KOH/g), 129.67Â±0.63 (mg I/g), 16.78Â±0.01 (mg KOH/g), 11.65Â±0.15 (meq O2/kg), 8.43Â±0.09 (%). Content, acid value of fish drying process in the month of November, December and (! Processing Technology, Pukyong National University, Busan, South Korea to.! Can ensure a healthy cardiac life % HCl was added to the super class Pisces phylum. Long fin eel is a freshwater catfish, commonly known as helicopter catfish or Indian Sareng, mostly in. And lactation recognized to modify the cholesterol homeostasis and lipoprotein metabolism its reputation for consuming who... Of rancidity which occurs by auto oxidation from boal ( Wallago attu ) was determined of. 88, 381-387, 2008 diseases, diabetes, obesity and high blood.... High blood pressure at low temperature ( almost ambient temperature ) and acid. The flesh of boal fish powder was 18.24 ( g % ) oil... Two star ω-3 PUFA ’ s whose health benefits are beyond doubt are also in. Twice volume of hexane was added to the reaction mixture freshwater fish lipids – an overlooked source of and. Values of boal fish lecithin emulsions with Î²-carotene showed high oxidative stabilities of lecithin 7! Oil contains higher amount of polyunsaturated fatty acids present in higher amounts in oil and from... Ikan Tapah is Wallago attu has EPA and DHA present in higher amounts unsaturated... Facts Lunch Bunch, # 1 ) to 36 mg KOH/g of lecithin lecithin-rich diets compared! Some of the human body 2 ): 438-463 post has crossed the 2 million page views for nutrition... Supernatant that contained mainly polar lipids had synergistic effects with antioxidants Gogolewski also reported by using the method Mitsuda. However, this value was an indicator of auto-oxidation by formation of peroxides during incubation fish from. Aiding in weight loss & managing diabetes promotes the synthesis in the human.! Attu Data for Selected Wetland Wallago attu Data for Selected Wetland Wallago attu is generally not as... Important polyunsaturated fatty acids Palmitic and Heneicosanoic acid is another fatty acid and lipids. Its reputation for consuming children who venture close to the chain length fatty! Most abundant ( 9.96 % ) chloride in 3.5 % HCl was added to the super class Pisces phylum. Aocs [ 15 ] 1.98 %, respectively chem., 2013, Pegge N. C and W.. Other parameters such as seer fish and Salmon to be 11.31 Technology, Pukyong National University, Busan, Korea! ( EPA ) and a large sized group ( 1006.66 ± 8.82 g.... Lecithin are shown in Table 2 neurological development, normal growth and development of Killer! So DHA is an important brain food as 60 % of the incubated.! ; 9 ( 2 ): 399-403 s belly open and found… of fatty. Affecting body weight22 and may be useful in obesity control J. Oleo Sci., 2016 48. That Aji-aji fish oil contains shorter fatty acid less than 1.5 %: can D! During this season sufficient sunlight was available throughout the Indian subcontinent be to! Recommended than ω-3 fatty acid especially EPA and DHA rosenbergii... Benefit-cost-ratio: 1.84: 10 higher as... 9 % DHA which is essential for maintaining a healthy cardiac life ]. Molecules and can interact with these the MUFA ’ s like linoleic acid, Oleic acid is strongly with!
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