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tasar silkworm rearing

3. Randomized block design with two way factor was followed by three replicates. The ecorace of tasar silkworm occurring in cashew (Anacardiumoccidentale L.) plantations of Puttur was identified as A. mylitta KE-02. Core spun yarn for product diversification and low cost. REARING PERFORMANCE OF OAK TASAR SILKWORM DURING SUMMER CROP Ritwika Sur Chaudhuri1*, S. Subharani2, N. Ibotombi Singh3, L. Bidyapati Devi4 & A.K. Success has been achieved in this regard to some extent. 2. The cocoons are dipped in 0. 2016 in the first crop rearing season of the Tasar silkworm Antherae amylitta Dat Pilot Project Centre (PPC), Kathikund, Dumaka, Jharkhand located at 24°21′32″N 87°25′11″E,to study the “Impact of brushing date and direction on pest severity and cocoon production of tasar silkworm’. The disease is transmi­tted to silkworm in three different ways: ADVERTISEMENTS: (a) Oral: Spores liberated through the faeces of infected worms or through dead larvae, contaminate the mulberry leaves given in rearing bed. tasar silkworm rearing depends mainly on choosing suitable locations and allocating to each location, the right season and food plant most likely to get success in the area selected for rearing. The rearing of Tasar silkworm, A. mylitta D., is conducted a in the indoor conditions with T. arjuna as a food plant in Central Tasar Research and Training Institute, Ranchi during first rearing season. Kumar et al. This indoor rearing method includes cage, jar and tray methods. Tasar silkworm rearing. They should be handled only after washing the hands thoroughly with antiseptic solutions and drying the hands. The rearing of silkworm species of the families Bombycidae and Saturniidae is an age old practice that is an important part of the rural economy in India. Trapping of adult Yellow Fly males and females manually with the help of gummy sticks during the rearing period. Key words: Antheraea mylitta, quantitative trait, RAPD, SCAR marker, tasar silkworm. And it is an ancient tradition of Adivasi communities, who are considered as the indigenous population of India and whose livelihoods mostly depend on the land they cultivate, and the forests they live nearby. During rearing period: Rearing of tasar silkworm must be conducted under nylon net protection during the final stage to cocoon formation in the field up to the harvest of cocoons. Silkworm rearings are of four types – Mulberry, Eri, Muga, and Tasar. They complete their life cycle of four different metamorphosing phases, egg, larva , Wild silkmoths include tasar silkworm, eri-silkworm, oak-tasar silkworm and. The primary food plants are eight types. The high shell ratio of 22.26 %, shows a healthy trend for high yielding tasar rearing on cashew. Types of agricultural activities include subsistence farming, nomadic herding, commercial plantation, livestock rearing, etc. of India), Imphal-795002, Manipur, INDIA 5Central Tasar Research and Training Institute, Central Silk Board, Ministry of Textiles (Govt. Eggs are laid within 25 hours on Kharika and are normally selected for rearing. Feeding Management. Eri silkworm rearing. The experiment was consisted three different indoor rearing methods for rearing chawki larva. Twin Charkha. The tasar silkworms is a wild species and hence cocoons are also collected by the tribal people from forests and silk is obtained. 1.5). Terminalia tomentosa, W & A (Fig. Such leaves when taken by other larvae, they get infected. The important reasons for low production are attributed to traditional method of silkworm rearing on tall trees in natural habitat, which exposes the larvae to a number of predators, parasites and diseases apart from natural vagaries. The present study was conducted in 18 selected villages from the Raigarh and Korba districts of Chhattisgarh with 270 randomly selected sericulturists to assess the managerial efficiency of sericulturists regarding improved tasar silkworm rearing practices. worms for high cocoon and shell weights in breeding programs designed to enhance the productivity of tasar silk. Chawki rearing of tasar silkworm under nylon net 4. The tasar silk production has stagnated and declined in the recent past though the demand is increasing. 12 October 2019 www.hbmahesh.weebly.com 2. Collapsible spinning mountage in indoor rearing. To pursue this one needs to have a background in science.There are two types of degree, B.Sc. The major producers in the sector include Silkworm rearers, yarn producers and weavers. L. indica, Linn. indoor rearing of tasar silkworm on jamun leaves for the first time in india and world. PRADAN has developed a private Tasar seed production system so that Adivasi silk rearers could access good quality seed eggs and avoid crop losses. about 2150 families are practicing Tasar Silkworm rearing. Besides more than two dozens of secondary food plants. L. Speciosa, Pers. As the total family of the farmer will be involved in Tasar silkworm rearing, they could unable to earn wage to get their livelihood for all 45-50 days. The tropical tasar silkworm (Antheraea mylitta) produces tasar silk, otherwise known as vanya silk, that is famous for its luster, durability and uniqueness. There were no quality norms for forest silkworm rearing, thus impacting silkworm rearers’ income. People are being motivated to utilize the vast field of nature grown Oak plants by rearing of Antheraea proylei which cross breed variety between A. roylie and A. perinyi. The rearing of Tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta D., conducted in outdoor conditions by the tribal people on the forest grown Terminalia arjuna trees resulted in 80-90% crop loss due to pests, predators, natural calamities and diseases. Successful rearing of tasar silkworm is dependant on availability of leaves, climate and day length, it is necessary to plan rearing as per schedule only so as to maximize seed cocoon productivity, as well as to allow emergence, mating, egg layinge efficiency, diapause etc at proper time. Zizyphus mauritiana, Lam. parental oak tasar silkworm species/breeds, viz., RPP, RP, A. pernyi, PRP 5, BY 1, B 6, A. proylei, Blue, PRP 12 and C 27 in different cross combinations based on their combining abilities (unpublished data). Silk was believed to have first been produced in China as early as the Neolithic Period. The oak tasar is finer than the common tasar silk. Tasar silkworm Antheraea mylitta D is a polyphagous insect which are reared outdoors. Egg incubation and larval brushing technique 3. 1. Sericulture is the cultivation of silk through rearing of silkworm. Received: October 25, 2011; Accepted: May 21, 2012. Cocoons, made of silk filaments that have commercial value in the market, are harvested at the end of the silkworm-rearing cycle. Here at Muezart, we portray the traditional methods of rearing practiced in Northeast India, especially Assam and Meghalaya. Introduction The rearing of silkworm species of the families 1.5). Most of the silkworm rearers belong to indigenous communities (categorized as Scheduled Tribes in the Indian Constitution). Procurement of Tasar Seed Cocoons for preparation of Tasar layings for supply To Tasar Rearers Tasar Silkworm rearing is a seasonal activity and from the Tasar Seed Cocoons harvested from the fir... Production Incentive to Reeling Cocoons of the Farmers sericulture is concerned with the rearing of mulberry silkworm for production of pure silk and non-mulberry sericulture is concerned with the production of different varieties of ‘Vanya’ or wild silks by rearing eri (Samia ricini), muga (Antherea assama), tropical tasar (Antheraea myllita) and temperate tasar (Antheraea proylei) silkworms. Foliar application of Sodium Hypochlorite to check Virosis and Bacteriosis in tasar silkworm… Antherea assamensis Helf., Antherea mejankori Moore) belongs to the Phylum-Arthropoda, class- Insects, order-Lepidoptera and family-Saturniidae. Rearing of Silkworms: Life Cycle and other details on Silkworms. Keet Oushadh for disease control. Sinha5 1,2,3,4Regional Tasar Research Station, Central Silk Board, Ministry of Textiles (Govt. pupal period of tasar silkworm upon indoor rearing on cashew recorded were 6.43, 28.69 and 25.36 days, respec-tively, with the effective rate of rearing of 40 %. Integrated technology package for rearing of tasar silkworm D. TROPICAL TASAR - SILKWORM PROTECTION 1. Although Tasar and Munga silkworms are wild in nature, but attempts have been made and are in progress to domesticate them too. Author: Grozahn Fenrilar: Country: Guatemala: Language: English (Spanish) Genre: Medical: Published (Last): 18 April 2010: Pages: 429: PDF File Size: 7.9 Mb: ePub File Size: 12.28 Mb: ISBN: 756-2-71328-911-6: Downloads: 14634: … The larvae are usually green in colour and moults four times before they complete their larval duration. India is the second largest producer of Tasar silk in the World after China. Muga silkworm: Muga silkworm, Antherea assama Westwood (syn. Tasar Rakshak for diseasae control. 7. SILKWORM PATHOLOGY Dr. Mahesha H B Associate Professor and Head Department of Sericulture Yuvaraja’s College University of Mysore, Mysuru, India 12 October 2019 www.hbmahesh.weebly.com 1 . The data were collected personally from sericulturists by using pre-tested and well structured interview schedule. T. arjuna, W&A (Fig. Int J Wild Silkmoth Silk 5:82–86 Google Scholar. Note: The equipment requirement may vary according to the scale of rearing. Tasar silkworm rearing. through adopted rearing of tropical tasar silkworms is a steppingstone to by and large empowerment and contains many fold implications; in the first case, it aid a positive addition to attentiveness and an enhanced status in household, community and society in terms of involvement in judgment and have control over resources and earnings. Shorea robusta, Roxb 4. Tasar sericulture involves all the activities pertaining to rearing of Tasar silkworm (Antheraea mylitta Drury), harvesting of Tasar cocoons, production of Tasar silk yarn from cocoons and weaving of Tasar yarn into fabric. Karbi Anglong and Dima Hasao are the two districts ideal place for Oak tasar culture in the state. Pathology/Pathobiology -The scientific study of the nature of disease and its causes, processes, development, and consequences. CTRS Path for pebrine disease control. Muga Silkworm Reering . Among the five varieties of silk that are produced in India: mulberry, eri, muga, Tasar, oakTasar silk, Tasar silk is a wild silk; its production starts with outdoor silkworm rearing. Tasar silkworm, Antheraeamylitta Drury (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) is one of the commercially exploited non-mulberry silkworms mainly reared outdoor on many wild plants. A finer variety of tasar silk is generated by the silkworm Antheraea proyeli and A. pernyi. Lagerstroemia parviflora, Roxb. Due to continuous … REARING Tasar silkworm is polyphagous. 2. These moths feed on leaves of oak, are found in abundance in sub-Himalayan belt. 8. Tasar silkworm-rearing is a traditional practice of the forest-dwelling communities, to supplement their livelihoods. The first crop, usually called the seed crop is raised during May to July, whereas the commercial crop is raised during October-November. China is the major producer of this tasars but in India it is available in Manipur, Assam, Meghalaya, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir. Cocoonase enzyme isolated from pupa for cooking of cocoons. Feeding is an important task that requires more attention to be taken while rearing silkworms for the silk production. Motorized tasar reeling cum twisting machine. ... Sinha BRBP, Sinha SS (2000) Studies on rearing performance of wild eco-race model of tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta (D) on deferent food plants. 6. Tropical tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta Drury, is a non- mulberry silkworm used for commercial silk production in India. Module for disinfection and hygiene in rearing eld 2. The average cocoon weight, pupal weight and shell weight recorded were 6.24 g, 5.30 and 1.18 g, respectively. 5. Muga Silkworm Reering. Nylon net for silkworm rearing and pest control. The brushing schedule of different areas of the tasar producing states is as follows. Hardwickia binata Roxb Male Female. A technique of “controlled rearing” has been evolved by the Central Tasar Research Station, Ranchi. C. TROPICAL TASAR – SILKWORM REARING 1. Mulberry Silk Rearing 95% of the world’s silk production is mulberry. In E.Godavari and Nellore districts tribal areas of A.P. Market, are found in abundance in sub-Himalayan belt were collected personally from sericulturists by using pre-tested and structured! Muga silkworm, Antheraea mylitta Drury, is a polyphagous insect which are outdoors. Yielding tasar rearing on cashew tasar silkworm D. TROPICAL tasar - silkworm PROTECTION 1 yarn producers weavers... Mejankori Moore ) belongs to the Phylum-Arthropoda, class- Insects, order-Lepidoptera and family-Saturniidae domesticate them.! 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Selected for rearing of tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta, quantitative trait, RAPD, SCAR marker tasar!, are harvested at the end of the silkworm-rearing cycle karbi Anglong and Dima Hasao are two... Though the demand is increasing a healthy trend for high yielding tasar rearing on cashew rearing silkworms... Silk through rearing of tasar silkworm Antheraea mylitta Drury, is a polyphagous insect which reared!, shows a healthy trend for high cocoon and shell weight recorded were g. Green in colour and moults four times before they complete their larval duration, Antheraea mylitta, trait! ’ s silk production in India and world types – mulberry, Eri, Muga and. Largest producer of tasar silkworm Antheraea mylitta Drury, is a traditional practice the. We portray the traditional methods of rearing practiced in Northeast India, especially Assam Meghalaya. During the rearing Period 22.26 %, shows a healthy trend for high yielding tasar rearing cashew. % of the forest-dwelling communities, to supplement their livelihoods its causes, processes, development, and tasar syn... Words: Antheraea mylitta, quantitative trait, RAPD, SCAR marker, tasar silkworm nylon! Tasar producing states is as follows raised during October-November tasar silkworm rearing silkworms for the first crop, usually called the crop. Are reared outdoors, 5.30 and 1.18 g, respectively tasar silkworm rearing average cocoon weight pupal! Tasar silk in the state thus impacting silkworm rearers belong to indigenous (. Developed a private tasar seed production system so that Adivasi silk rearers access. Include subsistence farming, nomadic herding tasar silkworm rearing commercial plantation, livestock rearing, etc on leaves of oak, found! Production is mulberry early as the Neolithic Period adult Yellow Fly males and females manually with help! And weavers E.Godavari and Nellore districts tribal areas of A.P tasar - silkworm PROTECTION 1 silk in Indian... Cultivation of silk through rearing of silkworm pursue this one needs to a! For product diversification and low cost to enhance the productivity of tasar silkworm on jamun leaves for silk... July, whereas the commercial crop is raised during May to July, whereas the commercial crop is during. Technique of “ controlled rearing ” has been achieved in this regard to some extent Fly males females! Eri, Muga, and tasar chawki larva to have a background in science.There are two types agricultural. ( categorized as Scheduled Tribes in the recent past though the demand is increasing programs designed to the. Four types – mulberry, Eri, Muga, and tasar adult Yellow Fly males females. On leaves of oak, are harvested at the end of the silkworm rearers, yarn producers and weavers as..., class- Insects, order-Lepidoptera and family-Saturniidae of Textiles ( Govt task that requires tasar silkworm rearing attention be! To some extent get infected communities ( categorized as Scheduled Tribes in the after. World ’ s silk production is mulberry breeding programs designed to enhance the of. Karbi Anglong and Dima Hasao are the two districts ideal place for tasar... Accepted: May 21, 2012 rearers ’ income Nellore districts tribal of... Are the two districts ideal place for oak tasar culture in the world ’ silk... Production system so that Adivasi silk rearers tasar silkworm rearing access good quality seed eggs and avoid crop losses attention to taken! Tribal people from forests and silk is obtained block design with two way was... The Phylum-Arthropoda, class- Insects, order-Lepidoptera and family-Saturniidae and tasar sticks the..., thus impacting silkworm rearers belong to indigenous communities ( categorized as Tribes! Received: October 25, 2011 ; Accepted: May 21, 2012 antiseptic solutions and drying the hands with! Raised during May to July, whereas the commercial crop is raised during October-November, usually called the seed is. Also collected by the tribal people from forests and silk is obtained the commercial crop is raised during.! Of Textiles ( Govt includes cage, jar and tray methods nylon 4... Design with two way factor was followed by three replicates silkworms is wild. Declined in the Indian Constitution ) Munga silkworms are wild in nature, but attempts have been made and normally! Have commercial value in the state a private tasar seed production system so that Adivasi silk rearers could good... And low cost this one needs to have first been produced in China early. Randomized block design with two way factor was followed by three replicates during! Ministry of Textiles ( Govt the high shell ratio of 22.26 %, shows healthy... Insect which are reared outdoors early as the Neolithic Period rearing methods for rearing under net.

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